The Weather and Climate unit at the Earth Observation Research and Innovation Centre in the University of Energy and Natural Resources engages in research activities to support climate change adaptation and risk assessment. We focus on weather extremes, their impacts, variability, predictability and change. We also promote tailoring the weekly to monthly forecasts for the public, specifically for the Brong-Ahafo region. The weather arises from physical processes within the atmosphere as it responds to the rotation of the Earth and the heating effect of the Sun, how they vary depending on location and time of the year and the extent to which they can be forecast. We also consider some of the ways in which typical variations in the weather and extreme weather events affect a wide range of human activities. Scientific concepts relating to temperature, humidity, air pressure, air density, clouds, precipitation and wind are observed to see how these factors operate together in the atmosphere to produce various types of weather systems. Meteorological including surface and upper-air measurements as well as satellite information are collected and fed into the computer models for weather forecasting.
EORIC seeks to study the regional features of the past, present and projected climate especially but not only limited to Ghana using multi-model climate products. The purpose is to produce user-relevant information on the changing climate, and significant weather phenomena such as storms, lightning, floods, drought, heatwaves, and freezing rain to support adaptation and mitigation planning. We also try to understand various socio-economic aspects of weather, climate and climate change in Ghana, Africa and globally. The research supports and promotes society’s resilience and adaptive capacity to respond to weather and climate risks, and especially to assess the benefits and costs of weather and climate research-based services. New research focus areas include climate change adaptation in an urban environment and the well-being of citizens, climate service market development and the development of GIS and hybrid databases.